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jeudi 9 janvier 2014

RELATIVE PRONOUNS

Publié par driss med à 09:32



Relative pronouns join two clauses into a single sentence. A relative pronoun refers back to a word in the main clause and introduces a subordinate (dependent) clause. The form of the relative pronoun is determined by the grammatical function on the subordinate clause.
A.        QUI functions as the subject of the second clause and is always followed by a verb. It is equivalent to the English who, which, or that and can be refer back to either persons or things.

-Connais-tu M. Penaud?
-C’est un prof qui enseigner l’anglais.


-Est-ce que tu amies écrire de dissertations?
-Oui. Mais je n’aime pas les dissertations qui prennent trop de temps.


B.        Que is always the object of the second clause and is followed by a subject and a verb. It is equivalent to whom, which, or that and can also refer to both persons and things. The final –e of QUE drops when followed by a vowel or vowel sound (qu’).

-Est-ce que vous avez aime ce cous?                       Do you like this course?                 
-Oui. Mais je n’aime pas aime                                 Yes, but I didn’t like
Les dissertations que nous avons                              the compostions that we
faites en classe.                                                        did in class.


-Comment trouve t-elle ce prof?                      What does she think of that teacher?
-C’est un prof qu’elle aime.                             He/She’s a teacher whom she likes.



     Specified Antecedent
Unspecified Antecedent

 PERSON              THING
 PERSON or THING
Subject
    Qui                        Qui
             Ce Qui
Direct Object
    Que                       Que
             Ce Que
Object of Preposition
Prep + Qui         Prep + Que
        Prep. + Quoi
Object of DE
    Dont                    Dont
             Ce Dont

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